With dozens of wood countertop options available, choices range from exotic zebrawood and African iroko, to quarter-sawn oak, mahogany and hard-rock maple. In Williamson’s National Kitchen and Bath award-winning design of a renovation project in Chatham, Mass., the homeowners chose a reclaimed beech-wood counter to top a 6-foot-by-6-foot kitchen island.
The beech wood was reclaimed from old flooring and fabricated into a counter by Craft-Art Wood Countertops, based in Atlanta. Williamson says using reclaimed wood can cost up to 25 percent more than a conventionally fabricated wood countertop, which for some clients, is a price they’re willing to pay for environmental sustainability in kitchen design. “Some homeowners want natural products that are more rustic and have a patina. If a piece of repurposed wood countertop has an old nail hole, all the better,” she says. “People really relate to wood, and no two fabrications are the same.”
Nicks and scratches are just part of having a wood counter, says Williamson, but they also require ongoing maintenance. Application of food-safe mineral oil provides a natural, nontoxic protective coating. Although the term “butcher block” is sometimes used to describe wood countertops, today, they are rarely used in homes as a surface on which to cut meat, as they were in butcher shops in bygone days.
“I don’t advise anyone to cut on any countertop surface, wood or not. That’s what a cutting board is for,” she says. “That being said, you need to embrace the fact that a wood countertop is going to take on a character of its own.”
Part of a countertop’s character comes from one of three ways the wood is fabricated:
- Plank style: Wood planks are joined together to form the width of the countertop. Each board can run the entire length of the countertop and shows off the heart of the grain.
- Edge-grain style: Cut lumber planks are laid on edge and joined together. They can be cut to make countertops up to 4 inches thick.
- End-grain style: Many short (usually 4-inch thick) pieces of wood are stacked side-by-side and joined with cut ends facing up. This produces an extremely tough surface that resembles a checkerboard.
John Boos and Co.’s sales of mostly hard-rock maple countertops are up 30 percent this year, when compared to 2009’s sales, says Becky Hewing, national sales manager for the Effingham, Ill., company.
“The experienced weekend do-it-yourselfer can install these countertops over existing cabinetry and easily change the look of the kitchen,” she says. “A wood countertop on an island is like having a piece of furniture anchoring your kitchen.”
Costs for 1 1/2-inch-thick John Boos and Co.’s hard-rock maple countertops can start at just under $90 in 1-foot lengths. However, the longer the counter, the more the price goes down per foot.
Wooden countertops are best reserved for non-sink surrounds. But recent developments in mounting sinks under the countertop and in water-repellant finishes make wet kitchen applications possible, Hewing says. While wooden countertops are durable, they are not moisture-resistant and may warp over time if exposed to water on an ongoing basis.
John Boos and Co.’s wooden countertops come shipped from the factory with a food-safe finish, which includes beeswax. A wood countertop that is decorative — without the ongoing maintenance of rubbing the surface with food-safe mineral oil — can be finished with a varnish or polyurethane.
No matter the finish, don’t allow liquid to pool on the surface of a wood countertop. This will cause watermarks and expansion that can lead to glue joint failure and warping. Keep countertops clean by simply washing the wood surface with a slightly damp cloth using antibacterial dish soap, or a small amount of bleach or white distilled vinegar in the water. Thoroughly dry the wooden countertop after washing.
“Wood countertops can easily last more than 20 years when you follow manufacturer’s care guidelines, and it’s a look that doesn’t go out-of-style,” Hewing says. “It’s also a renewable, repairable surface and if worse comes to worse, you can always sand the top and refinish it.”